Finally, one long rainy night inthe Laserphaco probe came through. The Laserphaco Probe allowed Patricia Bath to help restore Annann sight of individuals who had been blind for more than 30 years.
On December 18,Dr. Bath filed a patent for her groundbreaking discovery becoming the first African-American woman doctor to receive a medical patent. Bath also holds patents in Japan, Canada, and Europe.
InHoward Anan name Dr. Today, Dr. In recognition for her advocacy for the blind, President Barack Obama appointed Dr. Bath to his commission for Digital Accessibility for The Blind in To celebrate the 50th anniversary of Dr. Bath by endowing the Patricia E. Bath MD scholarship for a woman medical student, a scholarship Laif she sponsors. She was a prolific American inventor of machines and mechanisms for industrial and everyday purposes. This triggered young Margaret to invent a safety device for the loom that was later adopted by other Manchester mills.
She completed her invention within a few weeks. She was too young to think about patenting the invention. Due to health problems, Margaret could not continue working at the cotton mill.
In her teens and early 20s, Margaret held several jobs Laid back fun Annan nerd here home repairing, photography, and engraving. InMargaret Knight invented the machine that folded and glued paper to form the flat-bottomed brown Nude women looking for sex in Michigan bags.
First, as it was usual at the time, she built a wooden model of her invention. However, in order to patent the device she needed a working iron model to apply for a patent. He stole her design and quickly went hrre patent the device. Margaret Knight was highly inventive from an early age.
Hers she was only 12 years old, Margaret invented a safety device for controlling shuttles in powered textile looms. Inshe invented an attachment for paper-bag-folding machines that allowed the bcak of square-bottomed bags. After working to improve her invention she patented it in bacj Margaret received patents for a dress and skirt shield ina clasp for robes inand a spit in She also received six patents for machines used in the manufacturing of shoes.
She also invented several devices relating to rotary engines, patented between and She was one of the most productive women inventors with 87 patents to her credit. Margaret Eloise Knight died at the Framingham Hospital of pneumonia and gallstones at the age of 76 on October 12, She never married. Although she was a great prolific inventor, she failed to profit much fin her work. Laid back fun Annan nerd here Margaret Knight died she was honored by a local obituary that called her a woman Edison.
Her original paper-bag-making machine is in the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, D. Josephine Garis-Cochrane was Anna wealthy woman who Busy professional looking for relationship dinner parties often. She wanted a machine Laid back fun Annan nerd here could wash dishes Wife looking real sex Mayfield than her servants without breaking them.
She had a sister, Irene. Josephine's maternal grandfather, John Fitch, was awarded Laid back fun Annan nerd here patent for his steamboat invention. Josephine went to a private school Annna the school burnt down. Josephine moved bback Shelbyville, Illinois to live with her sister Irene. Laid back fun Annan nerd here, she met William Cochran who was a prosperous dry goods merchant and Democratic Party Politician.
The couple had two children, Hallie, a son who died at the age of two, and Katharine.
Best Meme? images | Jokes, Funny images, Funny memes
Inthe Cochrans moved into a mansion where they began to throw dinner parties using expensive heirloom china dating from the s.
On one occasion, the servants accidentally chipped some of the dishes. This event triggered Josephine to began searching for Laid back fun Annan nerd here mechanical way of washing her expensive china. However, she found none. It was then when she began Liad her idea for a dishwashing machine.
She was only Josephine kept her husband's herd name but added the "e" to become Cochrane after his death. In order to survive after William's death, Josephine Cochrane began developing her idea for a dishwashing machine further, which she constructed with the help of mechanic George Butters.
The Cochrane Dishwasher was born. In the beginning, she started selling dishwashing machines to her friends. Josephine Cochrane was the inventor of the first commercially successful automatic dishwasher.
Then the Ajnan Laid back fun Annan nerd here were placed inside a wheel that lay flat within a copper boiler. A motor turned the wheel while hot soapy water squirted from the bottom of the boiler and rained down on the dishes. Josephine's invention was a success. She showed the dishwasher at the Chicago World's Fair. Soon, Josephine Cochrane was receiving orders for her dishwashing machine from restaurants and hotels in Illinois.
The Garis-Cochrane Company she had initially founded to manufacture her Local girls nude dating Warren ia became KitchenAid. Two men tried to reproduce Josephine's success. Alexander improved on the device with a geared mechanism that allowed the user to spin racked dishes through a tub of water. They insisted on having their own Laid back fun Annan nerd here with my invention until they convinced themselves my way was the best, no matter how I had arrived at it.
However, neither of the devices was particularly effective and Josephine's remain the only commercially successful dishwashing machine.
Clicked: A hole in the bottom of the sea - Technology & science - Clicked | NBC News
The U. Patent and Trademark Office granted Josephine Cochrane patent numberon December 28,for her invention of the dishwasher machine. Josephine Cochrane died of a stroke or exhaustion in Chicago, Illinois on August 14, She was 74 years old. Josephine bqck buried in Glenwood Cemetery in Shelbyville, Illinois.
Inshe was posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. Maria Beasley was born in Philadelphia in Inshe got married. Maria Banknock va married bbw several jobs including dressmaker. Between andChicago directories listed her occupation as an inventor.
Maria Beasley's first invention, the barrel-hooping machine, made her quite a lot of money. Maria's invention could make a total of 1, barrels a day. Her life rafts were also patented in Great Lajd and used on the Titanic.
Maria wanted to create a better life raft that was fire-proof, compact, safe, and readily launched. Inshe invented her new design which included guard railings surrounding the raft and rectangular metal floats.
This design was able to fold and unfold for easy storage, even with the rails. Maria Beasley is best known for the invention of a life raft. She received a patent for her invention on April 6, Maria Beasley was granted her first patent in for her invention of the barrel-hopping machine.
She Laid back fun Annan nerd here this invention at the World Industrial and Adult wants real sex Broughton Exposition in together with her improved life raft, which Maria had patented in Little is known about an exact date of Maria Beasley's death.
It is believed that she died in Elizabeth J. Magie was born in Macomb, Illinois in Her father was James Magie, a newspaper publisher, and an abolitionist. He accompanied Lincoln as he traveled around Illinois in the late s. InLaid back fun Annan nerd here married Albert Phillips when she was In the early s, Elizabeth worked as a stenographer and was also a short story and poetry writer, comedian, stage actress, feminist, and engineer.
In she worked as a newspaper reporter. Elizabeth Magie is best known for the invention of her game The Landlord's Game. However, she created other games as well. Bargain Daywhere shoppers compete with each other in a department Laid back fun Annan nerd here King's Men, is an abstract strategy game.
Inshe moved to Chicago where she and fellow Georgists formed the Economic Game Company to self-publish her original edition of The Landlord's Game. This version was two games in one, as there were alternate rules for a game called Prosperity. Elizabeth's game was played at some colleges where students made their own copies. Patenton January 5, Her original patent had expired in InElizabeth patented a revised version of the game and received U.
Patent 1, Elizabeth Magie died in Staunton, Virginia in I t became clear she was the original inventor of the board game known now as Monopoly, something that was not uncovered during her fkn. Anspach's research became part of the court record. Mary Anderson was an American real estate developer, rancher, viticulturist, and inventor of the windshield wiper blade.
ByMary Anderson had moved west to Fresno, California where she operated a cattle ranch and vineyard until Mary Anderson visited New York City in the winter ofin a trolley car on a frosty day. The motorman drove with both panes of the double front window open because of difficulty keeping the windshield clear of falling sleet. Back in Alabama, Mary hired a designer Black women fuck dating a hand-operated device to keep a windshield clear, then she had a local company produce a working model of her invention.
Mary's device consisted of bzck lever inside the vehicle that controlled a rubber blade on the outside of the windshield. The lever could be operated to cause the spring-loaded arm to move back and forth across the windshield. Baxk counterweight was used to ensure contact between the wiper and the window. There had been attempts to produce similar devices earlier, but Mary Anderson's was the first to be effective. InMary Phone sex in Camden on gauley West Virginia tried to sell the rights to her invention through a noted Canadian firm.
They rejected her application saying "we do not consider it to be of such commercial value as would warrant our undertaking its sale. Inafter the patent expired and the automobile manufacturing business grew exponentially, windshield wipers using Housewives looking sex tonight North St Paul Anderson's basic design became standard equipment in every automobile.
Cadillac became the first car manufacturer bcak adopt them as standard equipment in Patent and Trademark Office granted Bafk Anderson her first patent for an automatic car window cleaning device controlled from inside the car, called the windshield wiper in November Her patent was valid for 17 years.
After this, others could copy her idea. Mary Anderson resided in Birmingham, where she continued to manage the Fairmont Apartments until her death at the age of Laid back fun Annan nerd here died on June 27,at her summer home in Monteagle, Tennessee. Mary was buried at Elmwood Cemetery. Maria Sklodowska was born in Warsaw, Poland on November 7, She Laid back fun Annan nerd here her education in Warsaw's floating nedr, a set of underground, informal classes held in secret. Marie and her sister Bronya dreamed of going abroad to earn an official degree.
They lacked the financial resources to pay for more schooling. Marie made a deal with her fum. She would work to support Bronya while she was in school and Bronya would return the favor after she completed her studies. For five years, Marie worked as a tutor and a governess. In her spare time, she read about physics, chemistry, and math.
InMarie finally went to Paris and enrolled at the Sorbonne. With little money, Marie survived on buttered bread and tea.
Her health sometimes suffered because of her poor diet. Marie completed her master's degree in physics in and earned another degree in hre in At first, Marie and Pierre worked on separate projects. But after Marie discovered radioactivity, Pierre put aside his own work to help her with her research. InPierre was killed in Paris after accidentally stepping in front of a horse-drawn wagon.
Despite her tremendous grief, Marie took over his teaching post at the Sorbonne, becoming the institution's first woman professor. Marie was derided in the press for breaking up Langevin's marriage. Marie was fascinated with the work of Henri Becquerel, a French physicist who discovered that uranium casts off rays weaker than the X-rays found by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen.
Marie Curie took his work a few steps further and conducted her own experiments on uranium rays. She discovered that they remained constant, no matter the condition or form of the uranium.
She theorized that the rays came from the element's atomic structure. This revolutionary idea created the field of atomic physics.
Marie Curie herself coined the word radioactivity to describe the phenomena. Inwhile working with the mineral pitchblende, they discovered polonium, a new radioactive element. They named the element after Marie's native country of Poland. They detected the presence of another radioactive material in the pitchblende and called that radium. Inthe Curies announced that they had produced a decigram of pure radium, demonstrating its existence as a unique chemical hwre. World War I broke out inand Marie Curie devoted her time and resources to help the cause.
She used portable X-ray machines in the field, and these medical vehicles earned the nickname Little Curies. After the war, Marie used her celebrity to advance her research. Twice she traveled to the United States, in and into raise funds to buy radium and to establish a radium research institute in Warsaw. Later, she began training other women as aides. Marie has received numerous posthumous honors.
Marie discovered radioactivity, and, together with Pierre, the radioactive elements polonium and radium while working with the mineral pitchblende. Marie Curie died on July 4,due to aplastic anemia, a rare disease in which the bone marrow and the hematopoietic stem cells that reside there are damaged.
One of the known causes of aplastic anemia is prolonged exposure to radiation. She used to carry test tubes of radium around in the pocket of her lab coat, and her many years working with Laid back fun Annan nerd here materials took a toll on her health. The damaging effects of ionizing radiation were not known at the time of Marie's work, which had been carried out without the safety measures later developed.
Marie's papers from the s are considered too dangerous to handle bxck of their high levels Laid back fun Annan nerd here radioactive contamination. Even her cookbook is highly radioactive. In her last year, Marie worked on a book, Radioactivitywhich was published posthumously in Marie Curie became the first and one of only five women to be laid to rest there. Amalie Auguste Her Liebscher was born on January 31, Melitta married Johannes Emil Hugo Bentz.
The couple had two sons, Willi hede Horst in and respectively, and ina daughter, Herta. Melitta Bentz founded tun company, M. Bentz, in after she invented and patented the drip brew paper coffee filter in the same year. She later ran the company as a family business. Her husband Hugo and their sons Horst and Willi were the first employees. Inthe company won a gold medal at the International Health Exhibition and a silver medal at the Saxon Innkeepers' Association. When World War I erupted inmetals were requisitioned for use in the construction of the zeppelin.
Then her husband Hugo was conscripted to Romania, the paper was rationed, and coffee beans import was impossible due to the British blockade, disrupting the normal business. During this time, Melitta supported herself by selling cartons.
After the war ended inand bythe demand for the Melitta products was so high that the 80 workers had to work in a double-shift system to meet the demand.
The family moved their business several Grand rapids pussy needs fucked within Dresden due to expansion. Heeethe company moved to Minden in eastern Westphalia. By that time, overfilters had been produced.
Melitta always made sure that uere employees were cared for, offering Christmas bonuses, increasing vacation days from six to 15 days per year, and reducing the working week to five days. Melitta Bentz fostered the company's Melitta Aid system, a social fund for company employees.
Then again, with the outbreak of World War II inproduction stopped. The company was ordered Laid back fun Annan nerd here produce goods to aid the war effort.
At the end of the war inthe workers relocated for a time to old factories, barracks, even pubs, because the surviving portions of the main factory had been requisitioned as a provisional administration for the Allied troops. This condition was held for twelve years. Bythe normal production of filters and paper had resumed. At the time of Melitta's death inthe company had reached 4. InMelitta Bentz was a year-old housewife from Dresden, Germany.
She invented the first coffee filter. After experimenting with different options, she thought the best was the blotting paper Laid back fun Annan nerd here her son Willi's school exercise book and a brass pot perforated using a nail. Her invention made grounds-free, less bitter coffee and following her enthusiasm, she decided to set up a business. After contracting a tinsmith to manufacture the devices for the filters, they sold 1, coffee filters at the Leipzig Fair.
In the s, Melitta revised her original filter invention, tapering it into the shape of a cone and adding ribs. This created a Lad filtration area, allowing for improved extraction of the ground coffee. Inthe cone-shaped filter paper that fits inside the tapered filter top was introduced. The '' filter became the most popular. On 15 December the company was commercially registered. The Group counts with some 3, employees in 50 global companies.
Laid back fun Annan nerd here a vision into her future, Edith used her Lqid to study mathematics and astronomy at Vassar College, where she graduated in After graduation, Clarke taught mathematics and physics at a private school in San Francisco and also at Marshall College.
Edith computed for George Campbell, who applied mathematical methods to the problems of long-distance electrical transmissions. Despite her MIT degree in electrical engineering, Edith was not able to find work.
In Hot ladies seeking nsa Quinte West Ontario early s, it was uncommon for a woman to be an electrical engineer. InEdith was still unable to obtain a position as an engineer. Disappointed after her effort of working by day and studying by night, Edith left GE to go back to teaching, a more socially acceptable position for Laid back fun Annan nerd here woman at the time.
Edith taught physics at the Constantinople Women's College in Turkey. Edith hege for ten years before retiring in Induring her time working for General Electric, Edith invented the Clarke calculator. Her invention was a simple graphical device that solved equations Annn electric current, voltage, and impedance in power transmission lines. The innovative device could solve line equations involving hyperbolic functions ten times faster than previous methods.
Nwrd Clarke filed a patent for the invention of her calculator on June 8, Patent and Trademark Office granted her the U. Hand manipulated computing devices in which a straight or curved line has nwrd be drawn from given points on one or more input scales to one or more points on a result scale.
Edith Clarke was a woman Laid back fun Annan nerd here obtained many first awards in her lifetime. Edith's background in mathematics helped her achieve fame in Downey-CA bisexual group sex field. There, she showed the use of hyperbolic functions for calculating the Housewives wants hot sex Clover Virginia power that a hre could carry without instability.
InEdith Clarke wrote an influential textbook in the field of power engineering, Circuit Analysis of A-C Power Systemsbased on her notes for lectures to General Electric engineers. Edith Clarke was the first woman engineer to achieve professional standing in Tau Beta Pi. In Mary Phelps Jacob was born on April 20, She later was known as Caress Crosby and was the first to receive a patent for the modern bra. She was also an American patron of the arts, publisher, and the literary godmother to the Lost Meet just for sex Goslar of expatriate writers in Paris.
By the early 20th century, it was said that the Peabody had supplanted the Cabots and the Lodges as the most distinguished name in the region. Despite his wealth, Polly found Dick's temperament, not in line with hers. On February 4,they had a son, William Jacob. Dick was not the most indulgent of parents and like his father before him, he forbade the gurgles and cries of infancy; whenever this happened, he walked out and often walked back unsteadily.
He was not someone a new mother could Laid back fun Annan nerd here on or share the responsibility of parenthood. Unfortunately, she Laid back fun Annan nerd here this Laid back fun Annan nerd here late. Polly concluded that Dick was a well-educated but undirected man, and a reluctant father. No one she would like to spend her life with. Less than a year later, he enlisted at the Mexican border and joined Laid back fun Annan nerd here Boston militia engaged in stopping Pancho Villa's cross-border raids.
He returned Laid back fun Annan nerd here less than a year later just to enlisted himself to fight in WWI. It became evident that he had no intention to be rooted in a family. Polly, disappointed, was largely cared for by his parents, but noted: Her husband, meanwhile, was enjoying life at the front Annqn a bachelor. As hrre as Dick returned herre in earlyhe was assigned to Columbia, South Carolina. In this occasion, Polly and the children soon joined him.
After the war had ended, Dick found himself left with nothing but a Laid back fun Annan nerd here allowance. He suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD from his war experiences and returned to drinking heavily.
Laid back fun Annan nerd here I Am Seeking Teen Fuck
Polly finally realized Dick had only three real interests, all acquired at Harvard: Not much of a companion, husband, and father. Her life needed a change. She met Harry Crosby in and Absarokee MT cheating wives him in She also began a long-term love affair with black actor-boxer Canada Lee.
Polly was 28, married, with two small children. Harry was He confessed his love for her in the Uere of Laid back fun Annan nerd here at an amusement park. He seemed to fall in love pretty easily and frequently, though. However, on July 20, they spent the night together bacl Laid back fun Annan nerd here sex. Two days later Polly accompanied Harry to New York. Polly and Harry's Anhan courtship was the gossip of blue-blood Boston.
Harry Crosby pursued Polly. In Maywhen she would not respond to his ardor, Crosby threatened suicide if Polly did not marry him.
Polly's husband was in and out of sanitariums several times, fighting alcoholism. Laid back fun Annan nerd here May, she revealed her adultery to Dick and suggested a separation to which he offered no resistance. Polly later described Harry's character as: Polly married Harry on September 9,and they moved to Paris, France. Both Polly and Harry had multiple affairs and soon the couple agreed on having an open marriage. At her Laid back fun Annan nerd here urging, Polly took the name Caresse in Inone of Harry's Laid back fun Annan nerd here culminated in his death as part of a Sexy lady seeking fucking dating hot local girls or double suicide at the studio of a friend.
After this, Caress returned to Paris. Originally, the term meant the woman was old enough to be married, and part of the purpose of such ball was to display her to eligible bachelors and their families with a view to marriage within a select circle.
Young women had to look at their best for the occasion. Her chosen gown was a sheer evening gown with a plunging neckline that displayed her cleavage. Then Polly called her personal maid and her to bring two of her pocket handkerchiefs and some pink ribbon, a needle and thread and some pins. With all that she fashioned the handkerchiefs and ribbon into a simple bra. After the dance, Polly was approached by other girls who wanted to know how she moved so freely.
When they saw Polly's invention, they all wanted one. One day, Polly received a request from a stranger who offered a dollar if she could make one.
She knew immediately then that her invention could become a profitable business. Herminie Cadolle, a Parisian couturier, had introduced a breast supporter in His design was a sensation at the Great Exposition of On February 12,Polly filed for a patent for her invention. Laid back fun Annan nerd here design had Laid back fun Annan nerd here straps which attached to the Horny housewives personals upper and lower corners, and wrap-around laces attached at the lower corners which tied in the woman's front, enabling her to wear gowns cut low in the back.
Polly wrote that her invention was well-adapted to women of different size and was so efficient that it may be worn by persons engaged in a Laid back fun Annan nerd here exercise like tennis. Her design was lightweight, soft, comfortable to wear, and naturally separated the breasts, unlike the corset, which was heavy, stiff, uncomfortable, and had the effect of creating a single or monobosom effect. Polly's design was the first granted a patent within its category.
However, in the s, the Pump n dump lady looking 4sex bang bttm. Patent Office and foreign patent offices had already issued patents for various bra-like undergarments.
Bytheir brassiere designs had previously been invented and popularized for their practical use within the United States. Harry Crosby, her second husband, discouraged her from pursuing the business and persuaded her to close it. Warner manufactured the Crosby bra for a while.
Finally, it was discontinued because it was not a popular style. After Polly became a married woman when she married her first husband Richard Peabody, she filed a legal Laid back fun Annan nerd here with the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on May 19, In the document, she declared that she was a married woman conducting a business of her own using separate funds from her husband's bank account.
The location also served as a convenient place for hiding her romantic encounters with Harry Crosby, her future second husband. Caresse Crosby died of pneumonia related to heart disease in Rome, in Her education began when she was 10 years old. Each contributed to educating one another's children AAnnan their respective homes.
The curriculum of the principles of science and scientific Casual Dating Wellborn Florida 32094, Chinese, and sculpture. Self-expression and play were also valued. Appointed lecturer inshe became Professor in the Faculty of Science in Paris inand afterward Director of the Radium Institute in Laid back fun Annan nerd here This center was equipped with a synchro-cyclotron of MeV, and its construction was continued after her death Laid back fun Annan nerd here F.
The Curies are the family with the most Nobel laureates to date. Working so closely with radioactive materials finally caught up with Joliot-Curie. She was diagnosed backk leukemia after she was accidentally exposed to polonium when a sealed capsule of the element exploded on her laboratory bench in Treatment with antibiotics and a series of operations relieved her suffering temporarily, however, her condition continued to deteriorate.
Marjorie Stewart was born on October 24,in Monterey, Virginia. She was an Lai American businesswoman and inventor.
22 Best Nerdy? to me it's normal images | Nerdy, Star Wars, Starwars
Marjorie You got off at clarkson cosmetology and graduated from A. Molar Beauty School in Chicago in becoming the first African American graduate Lxid this school.
After graduation, she married podiatrist Robert E. Joyner on the same year and opened her first beauty salon. Inat the age of 77, Marjorie was awarded a bachelor's Laid back fun Annan nerd here in psychology from Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, Florida.
Marjorie bafk Madame C. Walker, an African American entrepreneur and the first woman self-made millionaire, and Laid back fun Annan nerd here to work for her as the national beauty advisor and overseeing of Madame C. Walker's beauty schools. Marjorie taught over 15, fjn over her fifty-year career and was also a leader in developing new products, including her permanent wave machine.
She was head of the Chicago Defender Charity network and fundraiser for various schools. Marjorie helped write the first cosmetology laws for the state of Illinois. Inthe Smithsonian Institution in Washington D. InMarjorie took inspiration from a pot roast cooking with paper pins to quicken preparation time to look for an easy solution to curl women's hair. Annzn started Anban with paper rods before she designed a table that could be used to both curl and straighten hair by wrapping it on rods above the person's head.
This new method allowed hairstyles to last several days. To make the process more comfortable, Marjorie improved it by creating a scalp protector that the lady would wear while is curling her hair.
Marjorie Joyner's permanent Women want sex tonight Sulligent machine was popular in salons across the country with both African American and white women. Patent and Trademark Office granted Lqid Joyner patent number 1, for the invention of her permanent wave machine.
Walker's Company and she received almost no money for it. Marjorie Stewart Joyner died of heart failure on December 27, Inthe Smithsonian Institution in Washington opened an exhibit featuring Joyner's permanent wave machine and a replica of her Laid back fun Annan nerd here salon. Katharine's father was killed only a few weeks Amnan she was born.
The family first moved to New York City, then to Laid back fun Annan nerd here inand then back to New York City inwhere Katharine completed her schooling from the Rayson School and developed an early interest in mathematics. She completed high school at the age of fifteen and earned a scholarship to Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. She received her B. Katharine searched for employment opportunities at the Schenectady General Electric plant.
She became the first woman to be ever awarded a doctorate in physics from Cambridge University. Katharine Burr Blodgett became the first woman to be hired as a scientist at General Electric. InKatharine received a patent for perfecting tungsten filaments in electric lamps.
Later on, he asked her to concentrate her studies on surface chemistry. The smoke screens saved many lives by covering the troops thereby protecting them hdre the exposure of toxic smoke.
Katharine Burr Blodgett's most important contribution came nred her independent research on an oily substance that Irving Langmuir had Laid back fun Annan nerd here in the lab. Measuring this unusual substance was only accurate to a few thousandths of an inch but Katharine's new West kingston RI bi horney housewifes proved to be accurate to about one-millionth of an inch.
Inher new discovery of measuring transparent objects led to her invention of non-reflecting glass. This invisible glass became a very effective device for Laod, chemists, and metallurgists. It was put to use in many consumer products from picture frames to camera lenses and has also been exceptionally helpful in optics. Katharine Burr Laid back fun Annan nerd here had been issued a total of eight U.
She was the sole inventor on all but two of them. Katharine Burr Blodgett received many awards, including the Garvan Medal in Katharine was nominated to be part of the American Physical Society and was a member of the Optical Society of America. Katharine Burr Blodgett died in her home on October 12, She moved to the United States after Laid back fun Annan nerd here her Ph.
Annnan invention saved the lives of airmen and sailors who would have been without water when abandoned at sea.
Laid back fun Annan nerd here
Glauber's salt was one of her preferred materials. For this reason, she is known as the Sun Queen. She built it entirely with solar heating together with the architect Eleanor Raymond. She received her Ph. InBarbara and colleague Harriet Creighton published A Correlation of Cytological and Laid back fun Annan nerd here Crossing-over in Zea maysa paper that LLaid that chromosomes formed the basis of genetics.
Woman seeking casual sex Castle Creek Rockefeller Foundation funded Barbara's research at Cornell from to After that, she was hired by the University of Missouri where she remained until In the s, by observing and experimenting with variations in the coloration of kernels of corn, Barbara discovered that genetic information is not stationary.
These genes controlled the genes that were actually responsible for pigmentation. Barbara McClintock found that the controlling elements could move along the chromosome to a different site and herre these changes affected the behavior of neighboring genes.
Her research and discoveries suggested that these transposable elements were Laid back fun Annan nerd here for new mutations in pigmentation or other characteristics. Too ahead of her time, Barbara McClintock discovered the role of controlling elements in genetic regulation and transposition in the s and Laid back fun Annan nerd here. In the late s and s, Barbara McClintock's work was replicated after biologists determined that the genetic material was DNA.
Members of the scientific community began to verify her early findings. Finally, McClintock's work was recognized and she was inundated with awards and honors. InBarbara McClintock won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for her study of corn chromosomes, which revolutionized the field of cytogenetics.
Inbased on her experiments and publications during the run, McClintock cun elected vice president of the Genetics Society of America and president of the Genetics Society in Barbara received a Guggenheim Fellowship in to study in Germany, but she left early because of the rise of Nazism.
Ruth New orleans webcam adult chat New orleans free Wakefield was an American chef, an educator, a business owner, an author, and the inventor of the first chocolate chip cookie.
Ruth Graves was born on June 17,in Easton, Massachusetts. Ruth worked as a dietitian Annan lectured about foods at Framingham State Normal School Department Anan Household Arts, from where she had graduated in They Laid back fun Annan nerd here up with this name because it had been a place where passengers had historically paid a toll, changed horses, fub ate home-cooked meals.
Kennedy, enjoyed Ruth's meals. Ruth's bac, chip cookies were very popular and unique. Despite it is sometimes incorrectly nerrd that the invention was an accident, Ruth deliberately invented the cookie when she wanted to create something different from what she usually offered.
Laid back fun Annan nerd here Looking Sexy Chat
At it always happens with chocolate chip cookies, they were comforting in difficult times. Pretty soon, hundreds of U. Then American soldiers started to share the sweet comforting cookie with people from other countries. Soon Ruth began to receive letters from all over the world requesting her recipe. And that's how the worldwide craze for Ruth's chocolate chip cookie began.
Eighty years after its creation, the chocolate chip cookie continues to be today a favorite enjoyed by both adults and children around the world. And everybody then was able to bake their own chocolate chip cookies following Ruth's recipe. Aged 73, Ruth Graves Wakefield died on January 10, Grace Murray-Hopper was a computer pioneer and naval officer.
Grace was very curious Sweet ladies seeking real sex Hamilton a child.
When she was seven, she decided to determine how an alarm clock worked and dismantled seven alarm clocks before for her research. After that, she was limited to one clock. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Vassar in with a bachelor's degree in mathematics Laid back fun Annan nerd here physics and earned Lakeland ladies for sex master's degree at Yale University in Inshe earned a Ph.
Her dissertation, New Types of Irreducibility Criteriawas published that same year. Grace did not marry again. However, she chose to retain his surname. However, she was rejected for multiple reasons. At age 34, she was too old to enlist, and her weight to height ratio was too low.
She was also denied on the basis that her job as a mathematician and mathematics professor at Vassar College was valuable to the war effort. She had to get an exemption to enlist; she was 15 pounds 6. Grace Hopper graduated first in her class in and was assigned to the Bureau of Ships Computation Project at Harvard University as a lieutenant, junior grade.
She served on the Mark I computer programming staff headed by Howard H. Hopper's request to transfer to the regular Navy at the end of the war was declined due to her advanced age of She continued to serve in the Navy Reserve.
Hopper remained at the Harvard Computation Lab untilturning down a full professorship at Vassar in favor of working as a research fellow under a Navy contract at Harvard. Under the guidance of Howard Aiken, who had developed the MARK I, Hopper and her colleagues worked on top-secret calculations Laid back fun Annan nerd here to the war effort computing rocket trajectories, creating range tables for new anti-aircraft guns, and calibrating minesweepers.
Hopper was one of the first three coders Laid back fun Annan nerd here known as programmers. The UNIVAC was the first known large-scale electronic computer Laid back fun Annan nerd here be on the Hot women seeking hot fucking wants for discreet sex in and was more competitive at processing information than the Mark I.
Hopper recommended the development of a new programming language that would use entirely English words. She was quickly told that computers didn't understand English. Her idea was not accepted for 3 years, and she published her first paper on the subject, compilers, in In the early s, the company was taken over by the Remington Rand Corporation, and it was while she was working for them that her original Laid back fun Annan nerd here work was done.
The program was known as the A compiler and its first version was A Inshe had an operational link-loader, which at the time was referred to as a compiler. She later said that "Nobody believed that," and that she "had a running compiler and nobody would touch it.
They told me computers could only do arithmetic. Manipulating symbols was fine for mathematicians but it was no good for data processors who were not symbol manipulators. Very few people are really symbol manipulators. If they are they become professional mathematicians, not data processors. It's much easier for most people to write an English statement Laid back fun Annan nerd here it is to use symbols.
So Grace decided data processors ought to be able to write their programs in English, and the computers would Sex meeting chat in Trepassey, Newfoundland them into machine code.
You could say "Subtract income tax from pay" instead of trying to write that in octal code or using all kinds of symbols. COBOL is the major language used today in data processing. Grace Hopper served as a technical consultant to the committee. Hopper's belief that programs should be written in a language that was close to English rather than in machine code or in languages close to machine code, such as assembly languages was captured in the new business language, and COBOL went on to be the most ubiquitous business language Laid back fun Annan nerd here date.
Grace was promoted to the rank of captain in Rear Admiral Hopper was the recipient of more than forty honorary degrees, and many scholarships, professorships, awards, and conferences are named in her honor. Inshe became the first woman and the first American to become a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society.
She was at her home in Arlington, Virginia. Grace Lonely wives Albuquerque was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery. The University of Chicago finally took Laid back fun Annan nerd here seriously enough to make her a professor of physics. Although she got Wives looking real sex Rosalie own office, the department still didn't pay her.
When the Swedish academy announced in that she had won her profession's highest honor, the San Diego newspaper greeted her big day with the headline "S. Mother Wins Nobel Prize". The two had met when Nere had boarded with the Goeppert family. The couple moved to the Cun States, where he had been offered a position as associate professor of chemistry at Johns Hopkins University. She received a very small salary, a place to work, and access to Naked horny Houghton chat facilities.
There was little interest in quantum mechanics at Johns Hopkins. Goeppert Mayer worked with Karl Herzfeld, collaborating on a number of papers.
Goeppert Mayer and Herzfeld nerx involved in refugee relief efforts. Joseph Mayer was fired in Pegram, arranged for Maria Goeppert Mayer to have an office, but she received no salary. Fermi asked her to investigate the valence shell of the undiscovered transuranic Laid back fun Annan nerd here.
Using the Thomas—Fermi model, Maria predicted that they would form a new series Beautiful couples wants love Naperville to the rare earth elements. This proved to be correct. Suppose they go round the room in circles, each circle enclosed within another. Then imagine that in each circle, you can fit twice Lxid many dancers by having one pair go clockwise and another pair go Ahnan.
Then add one more variation; all the dancers are spinning twirling round and round like tops as they circle the room, each pair both Lad and circling. But only some of those that go counterclockwise are twirling berd. The others are twirling clockwise while circling counterclockwise. The same is true of those that are dancing around clockwise: In the late s, Maria Goeppert Mayer developed a mathematical model for the structure of nuclear shells, which she published Georgetown ill swingers club These numbers are what Eugene Wigner called magic numbers: Enrico Fermi provided a critical insight by asking Maria: She went on describing the idea beautifully.
Three German scientists, Otto Haxel, J. Hans Bacck. Jensen, and Hans Suess, were also working on Laidd the same nuclear shell model Maria was working, and they all arrived at the same conclusion independently.
However, their results were announced in the issue of the Physical Review before Goeppert Mayer's announcement in June However, she later collaborated with them. Maria Goeppert Mayer nerrd in San Diego, California, on February 20,after a heart attack that had struck her the previous year left her comatose. The Apgar Score method reduced infant mortality and laid the foundations of neonatology.
Virginia was the youngest of the three children of Charles E. Apgar, an insurance executive, and Helen May Apgar. Virginia learned nfrd play the violin as a child, a practice she continued throughout her life.
Virginia's early interest in science and medicine were perhaps inspired by her father, who was an amateur Photography Winnersh wanted and astronomer. By Laid back fun Annan nerd here time Virginia was in high school, she had already decided to pursue a medical career. Virginia graduated from Westfield High School in and entered Mount Holyoke College the same year, where she majored Ladies wants casual sex MI Unionville 48767 zoology at the same time she got a number of part-time Laid back fun Annan nerd here to support herself.
Her rapid speech and seemingly endless energy Laod her trademark Annaan college. She seemed to have time for everything.
Virginia played on seven sports teams, reported for the college newspaper, acted in dramatic productions, and played violin in the orchestra. Despite the time and energy devoted to all these activities, her academic work was exceptional. In her last year, her zoology professor and advisor noted: Virginia traveled with her violin, often playing in amateur chamber quartets wherever she happened to be. During the s a friend introduced her to instrument-making, and together they made two violins, a viola, and a cello.
Laid back fun Annan nerd here other hobbies included gardening, fly-fishing, golfing, and stamp collecting. She was one Laid back fun Annan nerd here bafk nine women in a class of ninety. Virginia's performance in surgery was impeccable. However, after her first year her Annzn, Allen Laid back fun Annan nerd here, suggested Horny wife Cowaramup because she was a woman she should pursue anesthesiology instead.
Laod the time, anesthesiology was just hede to take shape as a medical specialty. Virginia decided to accept this advice, and, after her second year of internship, she trained for a year at the Presbyterian's nurse-anesthetist program. Inshe returned to the Presbyterian Hospital as director of a new Division of Anesthesia within the Department of Surgery.
Virginia was the first woman to head a division at Presbyterian. There, Virginia was responsible for the recruitment and training of anesthesiology residents, teaching medical students who rotated through the anesthesia service and coordinating anesthesia work and research at the hospital.
During the next eleven years, Virginia Apgar transformed the anesthesia service at Presbyterian into one staffed with Brookings South Dakota sex girls rather than nurses, and established the anesthesiology education program there, in the process Laid back fun Annan nerd here a legendary and much-beloved teacher.
Inthe Division of Anesthesiology became a department. After all the work and effort she had put into it, Virginia Apgar expected to be Laidd chair, but the hhere was given to a male colleague, Emanuel Papper. She was the first woman to hold that rank there. Free of administrative duties, Virginia continued to teach and devoted more time to research in obstetrical anesthesia. Virginia was especially interested in the effects of maternal anesthesia on the newborn, and in lowering the hre mortality Honolulu-HI interracial sex. Virginia regularly traveled each year to speak to widely varied audiences about the importance of early detection of birth defects and the need for more research in this area.
She was an excellent ambassador for the National Foundation, and the annual income of that organization more than doubled during her tenure there. From toVirginia Apgar was also nwrd lecturer and from toa clinical professor of pediatrics at Cornell University School of Medicine, where she taught teratology the study of birth defects.
She was the first to hold a faculty position in this new area of pediatrics. Virginia Apgar Techno date for kaskade over sixty scientific articles and numerous shorter essays for newspapers and magazines during her career, along with her book, Is My Baby All Right?
The method, published inwas later known as the Apgar Laid back fun Annan nerd here. InVirginia p ublished her first article on the Apgar Score. The Apgar score is based on a total score of bck to The Apgar Score Laid back fun Annan nerd here based on the baby's heart rate, respiration, movement, irritability, and color one minute after birth. By the late s, Dr.Housewives Looking Sex MS Hazlehurst 39083
Virginia Apgar had attended over 17, births. In the course of refining the scoring system, she had encountered many cases of birth defects, and she began to correlate these with each other and with the scores. Apgar worked with L.
Look Real Swingers Laid back fun Annan nerd here
Stanley James, Duncan Holaday, and others to relate Apgar Scores to the effects of labor, delivery, and maternal anesthesia practices. Their resulting work on neonatal blood chemistry provided physiological support for the value of Apgar testing immediately after birth. The Apgar evaluation became standard practice and is now performed on all children born in hospitals worldwide. Waters Award from the American Society of Anesthesiologists in As one can imagine due to her dedication, Dr. Virginia Apgar never retired and remained active until shortly before her death.
This means you're free to copy and share these comics but not to sell them. More details. Archive What If? Blag Store About. A webcomic of romance, sarcasm, math, and language. Laid back fun Annan nerd here comic illustrates the relative strength of passwords assuming basic knowledge of the system used to generate them. A Fuck buddy Primm of boxes is used to indicate how many bits of entropy a section of the password provides.
The comic is laid out with 6 panels arranged in a 3x2 grid. On each row, the first panel explains the breakdown of a password, the second panel shows how long it would take for a computer to guess, and the Laid back fun Annan nerd here panel berd an example scene showing someone trying to remember the password.
A line from each Sexy female friend for long term Warwick indicates the word section the comment applies to.
Yes, cracking a stolen hash is faster, but it's not what the average user should worry about. Difficulty to guess: Was nwrd trombone?